Saturday, 19 January 2013

Is There Or Is There Not Compulsion In Religion?

Is There Or Is There Not Compulsion In Religion?

Bismillah Hir Rehman Ir Raheem
Start In the Name Of Allah The Most Beneficent The Most Merciful

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Is there or is there not compulsion in religion?  
  1. "Let there be no compulsion in religion: Truth stands out clear from Error: whoever rejects evil and believes in Allah hath grasped the most trustworthy hand-hold, that never breaks. And Allah heareth and knoweth all things," (2:256).
  2. "And an announcement from Allah and His Messenger, to the people (assembled) on the day of the Great Pilgrimage,- that Allah and His Messenger dissolve (treaty) obligations with the Pagans. If then, ye repent, it were best for you; but if ye turn away, know ye that ye cannot frustrate Allah. And proclaim a grievous penalty to those who reject Faith," (9:3).
  3. "But when the forbidden months are past, then fight and slay the Pagans wherever ye find them, and seize them, beleaguer them, and lie in wait for them in every stratagem (of war); butif they repent, and establish regular prayers and practice regular charity, then open the way for them: for Allah is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful," (9:5).
  4. Fight those who believe not in Allah nor the Last Day, nor hold that forbidden which hath been forbidden by Allah and His Messenger, nor acknowledge the religion of Truth, (even if they are) of the People of the Book, until they pay the Jizya with willing submission, and feel themselves subdued," (9:29).

My Response:

The first verse is talking about establishing peace on earth and accepting the beliefs of Non-Muslim and there shall be no compulsion in religion.

The other verses that is 9:3 and 9:5 talks about the people who break their with Muslims and wage wars against them. The context tells us the whole story. The start of the chapter deals with telling about the people who break their treaties and fight against Muslims.
"And a declaration from Allah and His Messenger to mankind on the greatest day (the 10th of Dhul-Hijjah - the 12th month of Islamic calendar) that Allah is free from (all) obligations to the Mushrikun (see V.2:105) and so is His Messenger. So if you (Mushrikun) repent, it is better for you, but if you turn away, then know that you cannot escape (from the Punishment of) Allah. And give tidings (O Muhammad SAW) of a painful torment to those who disbelieve. Except those of the Mushrikun with whom you have a treaty, and who have not subsequently failed you in aught, nor have supported anyone against you. So fulfill their treaty to them to the end of their term. Surely Allah loves the righteous [who fear Him]. " [9:3-4]
Quoting forward from verse 9:5 it says
"And if anyone of the Mushrikun (polytheists, idolaters, pagans, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah) seeks your protection then grant him protection, so that he may hear the Word of Allah (the Quran), and then escort him to where he can be secure, that is because they are men who know not. How can there be for the polytheists a treaty in the sight of Allah and with His Messenger, except for those with whom you made a treaty at al-Masjid al-Haram? So as long as they are upright toward you, be upright toward them. Indeed, Allah loves the righteous [who fear Him]." [9:6-7]

Moreover the chapter begin as
"[This is a declaration of] disassociation, from Allah and His Messenger, to those with whom you had made a treaty among the polytheists. So travel freely, [O disbelievers], throughout the land [during] four months but know that you cannot cause failure to Allah and that Allah will disgrace the disbelievers." [9:1-2]

Well coming to the last verse which is 9:29. This verse tells us to fight those people who fight us even if they are people of the Scripture.
Muslims are commanded to guard their rights and to fight those who fight against them
"Fight in the way of Allah those who fight you but do not transgress. Indeed. Allah does not like transgressors." [2:190]
Well what does Quran says about fighting?
"Fighting has been enjoined upon you while it is hateful to you" [2:216]

Back to Answers To Alleged Quranic Errors And Contradictions Or Quran

Also See:
Should Muslims Say "Three" Or Not?
Was Pharaoh saved or drowned?
In How Many Days Earth Was Created?
Is Wine Consumption Good Or Bad?
How many wings Angle have?
Does Allah Forgive Shirk (Polytheism) Or Not?
What Is Punishment For Adultery? 

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