Does Allah Forgive Shirk (Polytheism) Or Not?Bismillah Hir Rehman Ir Raheem
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Does Allah Forgive Shirk Or Not?
Allah does not forgive shirk, except after repenting from it. (Tafsir Ibn Kathir, Abridged, Darussalam Publishers & Distributors, 2000, vol. 2, p. 481)
Some Non-Muslims try to contradict Quran on the subject of shirk. Does Allah forgive shirk? Does Allah forgive all sins?
The related verses are :
"Allah forgiveth not that partners should be set up with Him; but He forgiveth anything else, to whom He pleaseth; to set up partners with Allah is to devise a sin Most heinous indeed," [Quran 4:48] See Also 4:116
"The people of the Book ask thee to cause a book to descend to them from heaven: Indeed they asked Moses for an even greater (miracle), for they said: "Show us Allah in public," but they were dazed for their presumption, with thunder and lightning. Yet they worshipped the calf even after clear signs had come to them; even so we forgave them; and gave Moses manifest proofs of authority," [Quran 4:153]
Is there a contradiction? No!
The first verse talks about Hereafter whereas second verse talks about forgiveness in wordly life after repentance
Allah forgives shirk if the person repents in his wordly life because Allah love and accept repentance and is Most Merciful. Quran says
"Allah accepts the repentance of those who do evil in ignorance and repent soon afterwards. To them will Allah turn in mercy. Allah is full of knowledge and wisdom" [Quran 4:17]
Allah has told us that he will forgive all sins for the one who repents to Him. He says
“Say: ‘O ‘Ibaadi (My slaves) who have transgressed against themselves (by committing evil deeds and sins)! Despair not of the Mercy of Allah, verily, Allah forgives all sins. Truly, He is OftForgiving, Most Merciful’” [Quran 39:53]
This includes all sins, even shirk. Whoever repents, Allah will accept his repentance. With regard repentance from shirk in particular and the acceptance thereof, Allah says
“And those who invoke not any other ilaah (god) along with Allah, nor kill such person as Allah has forbidden, except for just cause, nor commit illegal sexual intercourse and whoever does this shall receive the punishment. The torment will be doubled to him on the Day of Resurrection, and he will abide therein in disgrace; Except those who repent and believe (in Islamic Monotheism), and do righteous deeds; for those, Allah will change their sins into good deeds, and Allah is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful” [Quran 25:68-70]
On Day of Judgement Allah will forgive all types of sins except Shirk that is He will not forgive those people who die in polytheism and never repent from it. Allah does not forgive is the major Shirk if someone dies persisting on it.
Allah Ta'ala says : "Allah does not forgive (the sin of) joining other gods with Him; but He forgives whom He pleases other sins than this."[Quran 4:116].
The meaning of the verse is that whoever dies while a Mushrik (polytheist) Allah will not forgive him and he will surely be punished for this sin, i.e. he will remain in Hell-fire forever. As for the person who repents from Shirk whether small Shirk or major, Allah forgives his previous Shirk and accept his repentance. Allah Ta'ala Says : "Say to those who have disbelieved, if they cease (from disbelief) their past will be forgiven." [Quran 8: 38]
Further my argument can also be supported by Quranic verses 5:73-74 when Allah call Christians to Islam and ask them to turn to forgiveness and repentance.
"Surely, disbelievers are those who said: “Allah is the third of the three (in a Trinity).” But there is no Ilaah (god) (none who has the right to be worshipped) but One Ilaah (God —Allah). And if they cease not from what they say, verily, a painful torment will befall on the disbelievers among them. Will they not turn with repentance to Allah and ask His forgiveness? For Allah is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful” [Quran 5:73-74]
Allah forgives every sins in the world if a person repentance from it and accept Allah as the One and Only God to be worshipped
" All you have to do is to turn to Allaah, regret what you did and resolve not to do it again. Then receive the glad tidings of the bounty and mercy of Allaah, for Islam wipes out whatever sins came before it, as the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said to ‘Amr ibn al-‘Aas (may Allaah be pleased with him): “O ‘Amr, do you not know that Islam wipes out whatever came before it.” [Narrated by Muslim 121; Ahmad 17861]
"And the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The one who repents from sin is like one who did not sin.” [Narrated by al-Tirmidhi and classed as hasan by al-Albaani.]
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