Quran and Science | The Ozone LayerBismillah Hir Rehman Ir Raheem
Start In the Name Of Allah The Most Beneficent The Most Merciful
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"But only men of understanding will pay heed." [Quran 39:9]
The Ozone Layer
Today, Scientist have discovered that their is a layer above the earth which protects the Sun's ultraviolet (UV) radiation from directly reaching the Earth's surface.
This was mentioned in the Quran 1400 years back in 21:32
"And We made the sky a protected ceiling, but they, from its signs, are turning away."
Here Allah is telling us that He had made the earth protected through a ceiling that is Ozone layer
"On fine parchment unrolled, And the House frequented, And the roof exalted, And the sea kept filled,"
In another verse Quran describes it as a roof of protection for inhabitants of Earth
"Those before them did also plot (against God's Way): but God took their structures from their foundations, and the roof fell down on them from above; and the Wrath seized them from directions they did not perceive."
Here the roof felling down has two meanings
1- The roof is above i.e. Ozone Layer
2- It is physical protection from above - in this case protection from rain, wind and burning sun rays (UV) all coming from above.
We today also know that Ozone Layer is depleting becuase of gases such as chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and bromofluorocarbons, etc. Thus Ozone is releasing the gases and will came to an end in the Last Hours and it will affect the masses.Quran mentions this too.
"The sky bursts (Release) asunder,"
The Arabic word used here is "Farj" which also means Relieve, Be split, Make an opening, Separate, To make an Opening, etc
Thus one day Ozone layer will came to end as scientist has discovered is depleting of Layer.
The scientist use the word "Gamma Ray Burst" for the very harmful rays that Ozone Layer is protecting.Thus, it is a ceiling protecting us from such rays as Quran mentions.
Let see when was Ozone Layer discovered by science.
-Ozone was discovered by by Christian Friedrich Schönbein in 1839 - 1840 Gordon Miller Bourne Dobson did who did important work on ozone. He came up with the Dobson unit.
- Depletion of the ozone layer was identified by the US Academy of Sciences in 1976 as being in agreement with the available data.
The function of Ozone
The main function of the ozone layer is absorption of the Sun’s ultraviolet (UV) radiation, thus protecting the Earth (including humans, animals, and plants) from its pernicious influence. However, ozone is considered to be an important atmospheric pollution liquidator, i.e. its atoms attract harmful chemical substances from the atmosphere (for example, methane, nitric oxide, carbon monoxide, etc.) and react with them, thus providing the creation of a new compound harmless to the environment. (Source)
And finally the Gamma Ray Burst.
Longer-term, gamma ray energy may cause chemical reactions involving oxygen and nitrogen molecules which may create nitrogen oxide then nitrogen dioxide gas, causing photochemical smog. The GRB may produce enough of the gas to cover the sky and darken it. Gas would prevent sunlight from reaching Earth's surface, producing a cosmic winter effect, and may even further deplete the ozone layer, thus exposing the whole of the Earth to all types of cosmic radiation.
[Adrian Melott of the University of Kansas in Lawrence]
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