A Commentary On The Four GospelsBismillah Hir Rehman Ir Raheem
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The Four Gospels
Every Christian know that the four Gospels Luke, Matthew, John and Mark came after Jesus and they were mostly inspired by Paul’s way of teaching Christianity
The Gospel of Matthew (80-90 A.D.) tried to show that by the coming of Jesus in fact fulfilled the prophecies of Testament One. Matthew was not Jesus' companion but Matthew constantly refers to quotations from the Old Testament to show that Jesus was the Messiah; the Jews were waiting for. Here Jesus is shown following the Jewish law including praying (3 times a day), fasting and observing the obligations regarding Charity. Matthew (10:5-6) says: - "Go only to the lost sheep of Israel." Matthew (15:24) I (Jesus) was sent only to the Lost Sheep of Israel" A little later Matthew extends the sphere and makes Jesus to say Matthew (28:19):-'Therefore go and make disciples of all nations. Gospel of Matthew is Jewish in spirit and feel. He is Judeo-Christian in behavior.
Matthew had used a lot of imagination in describing Jesus' death, Resurrection and the role of guard at the tomb. Matthew (27:51-53) is a master of dramatic imagination. He said at that moment curtain of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom. The earth shook and the rocks split. The tombs broke open and the bodies of many holy people who had died rose to life. They came out of the tombs and after Jesus' resurrection they went into the city and appeared too many people. That means that Jesus- stayed in the grave at best for three days and two nights. All these are improbabilities in the Gospel of Matthew, which he wrote perhaps at Antioch.
The Gospel of Mark is the earliest (65-70 A.D.) Mark was a Jew. It is the shortest. Christian scholar O. Culmann does not consider Mark to be the disciple of Jesus. This Gospel at best was written by an apostle's disciple. Mark is the only evangelist to relate the description of passion. Regarding sign of Jonah he contradicts Matthew- Mark at 8:11 says that, "no sign will be given" whereas Matthew at 12:39 says- "Except the sign of Jonah." Father Roguet said that Mark is a clumsy writer. The Gospel was perhaps written in Rome
The Gospel of Luke: Is methodical well written narrative. He himself was not the witness but he obtained eyewitness accounts from others and organized it for better expression. It is a literary work. Luke shows good relations with Samaritans while Matthew asks apostles to flee from them. Luke highlights opposition to Jesus by Jews whereas Mark had used Judaic verses to show that Jesus was pro Jews. This is just one of the many striking examples of the fact that the Evangelists (i.e. followers of Gospels) make Jesus say whatever suits their personal conviction. Luke describes Jesus' childhood differently to Matthew (Luke and Mark do not even mention it). Luke gives a different— genealogy of Jesus contradicting each other from David onwards. Luke describes Jesus' mission differently than Matthew and Mark. Luke describes the institution of Eucharist (i.e. drinking wine as Jesus' blood and bread as Jesus' flesh)
Differently (Luke 22:19-24; Matthew 26:26-29; and Mark 14:22-24). Luke is contradictory within his own writings. Jesus' Ascension is described by him differently at 24:50 and in Acts of Apostles 1:2. In his Gospel this event took place on Easter day but in Acts it is forty days later. Which one is correct? Gospels are: "Combat writings-written to contradict and to suit a particular occasion and a situation.
The Gospel of John is radically different from Matthew, Mark and Luke. It is different in style, choice of subjects and manner of speech. It also differs in theological outlook from the first three. Its author is John, son of Zebedee the fisherman. It was written between 60 to 70 years after Jesus. First three Gospels of Mark, Matthew and Luke depict Jesus as a human being but John calls him the "Word": Here he was clearly influenced by Paul whose writings came much before the Gospel. No such word appears either in Testament One or in the Gospel of Matthew, Mark or Luke. Where from
Paul got it?
John was not an eyewitness to Jesus Resurrection. Yet he describes it in great detail.
Gospel of John intact had several authors. Latter additions are obvious i.e. in Chapter 21. In the Gospel, the Institution of Eucharist is not described though John was an eyewitness to passion at the Last Supper. Why? This point is of very high importance. It questions the very credibility of the Institution of EUCHARIST in the Roman Catholic Church. In contrast to this, there are several other stories of lesser importance, which are not mentioned in the first three Gospels. It raises a question whether or not the institution of EUCHARIST is true or false. John places the last Supper before Passover celebrations whereas in the other three Gospels it is during the celebrations. Which one is right? Jesus' prayer in the garden of Gothese-name is not mentioned by John. Appearance of Jesus after his so-called death and then his ascension are described differently.
Dr. W.R. Inge says- "Few scholars can disagree that the Gospel of John was written by some nameless mystic."
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