Saturday, 22 June 2013

Did A Goat Ate Verse Of Quran?

Did A Goat Ate Verse Of Quran?

Bismillah Hir Rehman Ir Raheem
Start In the Name Of Allah The Most Beneficent The Most Merciful

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Some Christians try to justify that some verses from Quran was lost when a goat ate verses of Quran. The narration regarding this is
Reported 'Aisha (RA): ‘the verse of stoning and of suckling an adult ten times was revealed, and they were (written) on a paper and kept under my pillow. When the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) expired and we were occupied by his death, a goat entered and ate away the paper.’ (Sunan Ibn Majah, Hadith 1944)

Well some serious points needed to be concerned here

1- The Hadith does not come from a sound narration.
The particular chain given in Sunan Ibn Majah finds one of the narrators Muhammad bin Ishaq narrating it using the word عن ('an) which is rather an ambiguous way of narration and renders the narration weak when used by a narrator known for practicing Tadlis [practice of subtly missing a link] and Muhammad Ibn Ishaq is indeed such a narrator. Thus through particular chain of narration in Sunan Ibn Majah the narration is weak and unauthentic due the above mentioned defect though it has other issues as well as mentioned in the lines to follow. This is clarified by Shaykh Muhammad Taqi Usmani in Takmala Fath Al-Mulhim 1/69 pub. Darul Ahya Al-Turath Al-Arabi, Beirut.

2- The narration no way questions Qur’an infallibility:
Even if the narration were authentic it no way questions the claim of Qur’an being totally preserved and here are my evidences for this;
One of the two allegedly lost verses as per this narration was about stoning i.e. punishment of married adulterers but Quran already had a punishment for it in Quran 4:15-16
"And those of your women who commit illegal sexual intercourse, take the evidence of four witnesses from amongst you against them; and if they testify, confine them (i.e. women) to houses until death comes to them or Allah ordains for them some (other) way. And the two persons (man and woman) among you who commit illegal sexual intercourse, punish them both. And if they repent (promise Allah that they will never repeat, i.e. commit illegal sexual intercourse and other similar sins) and do righteous good deeds, leave them alone. Surely, Allah is Ever the One Who accepts repentance, (and He is) Most Merciful."

3- Generally when a verse was revealed it was written down not by one or two companions but at least seven or more then that. If a goat had eaten a verse of Quran there might had been other copies of similar verses at that time.

4- Many Prophets memorize the whole Quran even before its compilation. If such verse was revealed many have knew and memorize the verse

5- The hadith come from authority of Ibn Ishaq whose work is criticize for lack of understanding and sound narrations. See
The Problems with Ibn Ishaq
How Authentic Is The Work Of Ibn Ishaq

Back to Hadith

Also See:
A Few Good Hadiths
Is (Every) Yawning From Satan?
Why Allah Dislikes Yawning and Love Sneezing?
Will Allah Only Curse Wife For Her Disobedience?
Does Allah Love Sinners?

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