Rights Of Neighbor In IslamBismillah Hir Rehman Ir Raheem
Start In the Name Of Allah The Most Beneficent The Most Merciful
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Islam is the only religion which give information and guidance in every aspect of life. Besides giving rights to parents it also gives abundant right to the Neighbor.
The Quran says in this regard
"Worship Allah and join none with Him in worship, and do good to parents, kinsfolk, orphans, Al-Masakin (the poor), the neighbor who is near of kin, the neighbor who is a stranger, the companion by your side, the wayfarer (you meet), and those (slaves) whom your right hands possess. Verily, Allah does not like such as are proud and boastful" [4:36]
A believer should pay his all rights to his neighbor whether he is a Muslim or not. The Prophet said
Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be pleased with him, reported that the messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said: "Whoever believes in Allah and the Last day should not harm his neighbor"
[Bukhari : 6475]
Besides, One should not scorn his/her neighbor. A narration in this regard is as follow
Sahih Abu Hurayrah reported that the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, used to say: "O Muslim women! No one should scorn the gift of a neighbor, even if it is (only) a sheep's foot" [Bukhari : 6017]
A true Muslim should care his neighbor as much as a blood brother. He should not abuse or insult him and protect his property and wealth. Prophet said
"That man is not from me who sleeps contentedly while his neighborr sleeps hungry."
Abdullah Ibn Musawir narrated: "I heard Ibn Abbas mention Ibn Az-Zubair saying that he was a miser, then he said: I heard the messenger of Allah say: He is not a believer who eats his fill whilst his neighbor beside him goes hungry"
[Bukhari, op. cit, hadith no.112, al-Hakim, vol. 4, p 167 a similar report given by al-Bazzar, hadith no. 119]
Where as a hadith on loving the neighbor is as follows
Anas, may Allah be pleased with him narrated that he heard our noble Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, saying: "By Him in Whose hand is my soul, no man truly believes until he loves for his neighbor –or his brother- what he loves for himself" [Muslim : Book 45 No 72]
The rights and love for neighbor should lies in a Muslim's heart. Prophet said
It is reported, on the authority of Ayesha (R.A.) and Ibn Umar (R.A.) that the messenger of Allah (PBUH) said "The Angel Jibra'il (A.S.) counseled me so frequently regarding the rights of the neighbor that I feared, he too would be declared an heir."
We Should not even stop our Neighbor from fixing a peg or doing something else
Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be pleased with him, reported that the messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said: "No-one should prevent his neighbor from fixing a wooden peg in his wall." Abu Huraira said (to his companions), "Why do I find you averse to it? By Allah, I certainly will narrate it to you."
(Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Book 43: Oppressions, Volume 3, Number 643)
So One Should
-Deal with him in a nice and friendly manner.
-Protect the honor of his wife and children.
-Occasionally you should send gifts to his house. Especially if he is poor. In such a case you should definitely send some food to him.
-Do not cause him any harm. Do not quarrel with him over trivial matters.
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